James Hakert, M.D. notating patient chart


Constipation is defined as occurring when bowel movements become difficult or less frequent. Constipation most commonly occurs when waste or stool moves too slowly through the digestive tract, causing it to become hard and dry. Typically the body’s waist products are moved through your intestines by muscle contractions. If the colon’s muscle contractions are slow or there is not enough fluid then you tend to be constipated.

If this symptom persists over time it is recommended that you see your gastroenterologist to determine if there is evidence of a more severe issue.

What Causes Constipation?

  • Medications
  • Inadequate amounts of fiber in your diet
  • Ignoring the urge to have a bowel movement or delaying until later
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Colon Cancer
  • Hormonal disorders
  • Inadequate fluid intake or dehydration

Constipation Tests or Procedures?

  • Blood Tests
  • Colonoscopy
  • Colorectal Transit Study
  • X-Ray (colon or small intestine)
  • Anorectal Manometry

James Hakert, M.D.
8220 Walnut Hill Lane, Suite 710 Dallas, TX 75231
Phone: (214) 368-6707
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